Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase family member 2 (ENPP2)

Links to databases

Also known as autotaxin. Hydrolyzes lysophospholipids to produce the signaling molecule lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) in extracellular fluids (PubMed:15769751, PubMed:26371182, PubMed:27754931). Major substrate is lysophosphatidylcholine (PubMed:12176993, PubMed:27754931). Also can act on sphingosylphosphorylcholine producing sphingosine-1-phosphate, a modulator of cell motility. Can hydrolyze, in vitro, bis-pNPP, to some extent pNP-TMP, and barely ATP (PubMed:15769751, PubMed:12176993). Involved in several motility-related processes such as angiogenesis and neurite outgrowth. Acts as an angiogenic factor by stimulating migration of smooth muscle cells and microtubule formation (PubMed:11559573). Stimulates migration of melanoma cells, probably via a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein (PubMed:1733949). May have a role in induction of parturition (PubMed:12176993). Possible involvement in cell proliferation and adipose tissue development (Probable). Tumor cell motility-stimulating factor (PubMed:1733949, PubMed:11559573).

Sample type

Recommended sample types are human EDTA plasma and serum. A range of additional sample types are compatible with the technology (PEA), including citrate plasma, heparin plasma, cerebrospinal fluid, (CSF), tissue and cell lysates, fine needle biopsis, microdialysis fluid, cell culture media, dried blood spots, synovial fluid, saliva, plaque extract and microvesicles. Please note that protein expression levels are expected to vary in different sample types. Certain assays are differentially affected by interfering substances such as hemolysate. Download any of our Data Validation documents or contact support@olink.com for more information.

NOTE: The calibrator curve below shows the performance of the assay with the estimated sensitivity and dynamic range parameters indicated. These curves are generated during the assay validation process using recombinant antigens. Please note that when analyzing biological samples the data generated will be given in the form of relative quantification (NPX values) and cannot be converted to absolute protein concentrations. For more info about NPX measurements, please visit our FAQ page.

Analytical Measuring Range

Please note: the technical data reported below refers to the measured value in the in vitro validation assays. Since the Development panel uses human samples diluted 100-fold, a multiplication factor of 100 should be applied when comparing the addressable biological concentration to this validation data.

    • LOD (pg/mL)
    • 7.63
    • LLOQ (pg/mL)
    • 7.63
    • ULOQ (pg/mL)
    • 15625
    • Hook (pg/mL)
    • 62500
    • Range (logs)
    • 3.3

Calibrator curve for validation data (generated in multiplex)

Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase family member 2 (ENPP2)

Precision

    • Within run precision Coefficient of Variation (CV)
    • 8%
    • Between run precision Coefficient of Variation (CV)
    • 17%

Precision (repeatability) is calculated from linearized NPX values over LOD.

Biomarker Validation Data

Additional validation data, as well as a more detailed description of how the Olink panels are quality controlled can be found in our Data Validation documents. To download or to learn more go to the Data Validation page.

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