CARDIOMETABOLIC

Gene
ACE2

Uniprot
Q9BYF1

Protein
Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2

See alternative names

ACE-related carboxypeptidase,
Angiotensin-converting enzyme homolog,
Metalloprotease MPROT15

Uniprot Function Description

(Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for Human coronavirus NL63/HCoV-NL63.

(Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for SARS coronavirus/SARS-CoV.

Carboxypeptidase which converts angiotensin I to angiotensin 1-9, a peptide of unknown function, and angiotensin II to angiotensin 1-7, a vasodilator (PubMed:10969042, PubMed:10924499, PubMed:11815627). Also able to hydrolyze apelin-13 and dynorphin-13 with high efficiency (PubMed:11815627). By cleavage of angiotensin II, may be an important regulator of heart function (PubMed:10969042, PubMed:10924499). By cleavage of angiotensin II, may also have a protective role in acute lung injury (By similarity). Plays an important role in amino acid transport by acting as binding partner of amino acid transporter SL6A19 in intestine, regulating trafficking, expression on the cell surface, and its catalytic activity (PubMed:18424768, PubMed:19185582).

Precision

Precision (repeatability) is calculated from linearized NPX values over LOD.

Within run precision Coefficient of Variation (CV)
9%
Between run precision Coefficient of Variation (CV)
10%

Analytical measuring range

The technical data reported below refers to the measured value in the in vitro validation assays run using known concentrations of recombinant antigen. Please note that these figures are for reference only and CANNOT be used to convert NPX values to absolute concentrations for proteins measured in plasma or serum samples.

LOD (pg/ml)
48.8
LLOQ (pg/ml)
97.7
ULOQ (pg/ml)
100000
Hook (pg/ml)
400000
Range (log10)
3

Dilution factor

For optimal assay readout, Olink Explore is run using different dilutions of the original samples (undiluted, 1:10, 1:100 or 1:1000). The dilution factor for this assay is noted below and should be taken into account when estimating the appropriate addressable biological concentration of the protein based on the in vitro validation data.

Dilution factor
1:1

Sensitivity plot

The calibrator curve shown below visualizes the analytical measuring range data based on in vitro measurement of recombinant antigen. Please note that this is shown for reference only and CANNOT be used to convert NPX values to absolute concentrations for proteins measured in plasma or serum samples. The vertical dotted lines represent LLOQ and ULOQ respectively, and the horizontal line indicates the LOD. The y-axis shows NPX above background, which is defined as the median of negative control measurements and used to define the expected background level (zero).

Sample distribution plot

The plot below shows the levels of protein measured in a number of commercial plasma samples. Healthy subjects are shown in blue and samples obtained from patients with a range of diseases are shown in red. The latter include inflammatory, cardiovascular, autoimmune & neurological diseases, as well as cancer. The data is shown to give a general idea of the sort of NPX range to expect, but cannot cover all potential levels that may be seen in clinical samples. The y-axis shows NPX above background, which is defined as the median of negative control measurements and used to define the expected background level (zero).