Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (CXCL12)

Links to databases

Chemoattractant active on T-lymphocytes, monocytes, but not neutrophils. Activates the C-X-C chemokine receptor CXCR4 to induce a rapid and transient rise in the level of intracellular calcium ions and chemotaxis. Also binds to atypical chemokine receptor ACKR3, which activates the beta-arrestin pathway and acts as a scavenger receptor for SDF-1. SDF-1-beta(3-72) and SDF-1-alpha(3-67) show a reduced chemotactic activity. Binding to cell surface proteoglycans seems to inhibit formation of SDF-1-alpha(3-67) and thus to preserve activity on local sites. Acts as a positive regulator of monocyte migration and a negative regulator of monocyte adhesion via the LYN kinase. Stimulates migration of monocytes and T-lymphocytes through its receptors, CXCR4 and ACKR3, and decreases monocyte adherence to surfaces coated with ICAM-1, a ligand for beta-2 integrins. SDF1A/CXCR4 signaling axis inhibits beta-2 integrin LFA-1 mediated adhesion of monocytes to ICAM-1 through LYN kinase. Inhibits CXCR4-mediated infection by T-cell line-adapted HIV-1. Plays a protective role after myocardial infarction. Induces down-regulation and internalization of ACKR3 expressed in various cells. Has several critical functions during embryonic development; required for B-cell lymphopoiesis, myelopoiesis in bone marrow and heart ventricular septum formation.

Sample type

Recommended sample types are EDTA plasma and serum. A range of additional sample types are compatible with the technology (PEA), including citrate plasma, heparin plasma, cerebrospinal fluid, (CSF), tissue and cell lysates, fine needle biopsis, microdialysis fluid, cell culture media, dried blood spots, synovial fluid, saliva, plaque extract and microvesicles. Please note that protein expression levels are expected to vary in different sample types. Certain assays are differentially affected by interfering substances such as hemolysate. Download any of our Data Validation documents or contact for more information.

Analytical Measuring Range

Please note: the technical data reported below refers to the measured value in the in vitro validation assays. The calibrator curves are generated during the assay validation process using recombinant antigens, with data presented as Normalized Protein eXpression (NPX) values plotted against protein concentration (in pg/mL). Please note that when analyzing biological samples the in vitro-generated curves presented here cannot be used to derive protein concentrations in pg/mL from the NPX values obtained. Olink Target 48 Cytokine delivers absolute protein concentrations directly using the calibrator system built into the system. For more information about NPX measurements, please view the FAQ.

    • LOD (pg/mL)
    • 30.518
    • LLOQ (pg/mL)
    • 30.52
    • ULOQ (pg/mL)
    • 31250
    • Hook (pg/mL)
    • 125000
    • Range (logs)
    • 3.0

Calibrator curve for validation data (generated in multiplex)

Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (CXCL12)


    • Within run precision Coefficient of Variation (CV)
    • 6%
    • Between run precision Coefficient of Variation (CV)
    • 7%

Precision (repeatability) is calculated on quantified data within the limit of quantification: LOQ, between lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) and upper limit of quantification (ULOQ).

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